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I studied English and History for A level and what I did in terms of planning essays was this:

1. Start by making the structure of how you want your essay to look so: Introduction, Para 1, Para 2, Para 3 etc.. and Conclusion. Your paragraphs should each have a topic that a relates to the question. I found a good way to start each paragraph was with a "topic sentence" meaning you write a clear sentence explaining your point and how it connects to the title of the essay.

2. Depending on the type of essay you are doing (whether it is source based or something else) you should then search for references and quotes to back your ideas up. Find at least 8 or 9 sources online or in books that link to your points. They do not necessarily have to agree with what you are saying or with each other (it is often better to have a few that disagree with each other so you can discuss their differing views).

3. Write the essay! What I did when actually beginning to write the essay was simply filling out the plan and making the bullet points into full sentences/paragraphs. Obviously there will be more to write and you should check thoroughly that your points link appropriately but this is a useful way to get a good portion of the essay done quite easily! Then get your quotes and references in and discuss how these differ or are similar to your findings. Also don't forget to explain the quotes and what they mean. Good luck!

I find the Point, Evidence, Explain is always a good approach for History essays.  Make your point, back it up with evidence from a source and explain that evidence and how it supports your point.  Your explanation should evaluate and analyse the evidence in detail at A2 level.

Mainly for Essays A2 course 

What type of planning are you looking into? General time planning, homework time planning, revision planning?


I think effective planning involves making a "skeleton" or a list. It will help you prioritise, assess and give a clearer picture of what needs to be done and what can be left out. Managing your time well is also key!

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