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Parts of Speech: One of a group of traditional classifications of words according to their functions in context.
In traditional English grammar, patterned after Latin grammar, the parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, and interjection
A noun in general terms is the name of a person, place, animal and thing. There are various types of nouns which we may discuss later. For Example: Brian is a noun, China is a noun, horse is a noun and suitcase is a noun. In sentences it is easy to identify a noun for example : Brian is living in China. In this sentence there are two nouns, 1- Brian and 2- China.
A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a Noun.Repeating the name of a person or a thing too often in sentences does not sound good so the use of the 'pronoun' makes our life easier. Let's see how it is used in a sentence: Brian is living in China, he is a computer engineer. In the sentence the nouns are easy to recognize and so the word that is used in the second part of the sentence in place of the noun Brian is 'he'. Isn't that easy?
A verb is used in a sentence when an action is being performed. For example: Nish is playing cricket. In this sentence the action is playing and so the verb is also playing. Any action word in a sentence is the Verb. however not all verbs show action. We can discuss this at a later date.
AdjectiveIn a sentence the adjective is used to describe the noun. For Example :Solomon is an intelligent boy. In this sentence 'intelligent' is the quality of Solomon, therefore it is the adjective in the sentence.
A word which describes the verb is called an adverb. This is not necessarily a part of every sentence, only when it is required that it appears in the sentence. for example In the sentence : Aidan is riding his bicycle too fast. In this sentence 'too fast' is the adverb as it is telling us how the action 'riding' is done.
A Prepostion is a word that tells us the position of a noun in a sentence. Examples are over, under, across, in, into, behind, etc. In a sentence : Craig was sitting under the shady tree. The word 'under' is telling us where the noun 'Craig' was sitting. So, therefore it tells us the position of a noun (Subject).
A word that joins two phrases or sentences is called a conjunction. Words like 'and', 'but' are examples of this part of speech. In a sentence: He has to go to the office but is afraid of missing the bus. In this sentence 'but' is joining two incomplete sentences and making it one sentence.
A word that denotes emotions in a sentence is called 'interjection'. ExampleIn a sentence: "Wow! what a beautiful sunset". We can clearly see the speaker is quite amazed at the sunset he was seeing. So, he showed his emotion that is amazement through an interjection 'WOW!'.
Dont forget the PART bit refers to what job, the word is doing in a sentence. Most people think "poor" is an adjective, for example, but not necessarily. It can be a noun, too. 1. (adjective) What a poor film !! 2. (as a noun) The poor are always under-achieving.
These are the traditional way in which we classify texts (a large body of writing, for example) and then more particularly art sentence level. If you look at my last sentence, try to find a verb and a noun. Can you? These are words we give to the ROLE of words within in a sentence. A basic example, for something to be even classified as a "sentence", it must include a verb. 1. I live in Sweden. OK. - this has a verb "to live". 2. The shop and that. Not classified as a full sentence - why? No verb.
nouns are the object,
verbs are the interaction,
and adjectives are the description,
and connective are the connecting lines between each of these.
The LARGE (adjective) DOG (noun) RAN (verb) and(connective) RAN(verb)
Preposition and pronouns just like subtext, social context or pragmatics are all extensions but simple put,
Noun, verb, adjective and connective.
Parts of speech really can be explained as the names of word types.
- There are nouns - naming word. These are words like chair, table, cat.
- Words that describe nouns are called adjectives. These are words like red, large and happy.
- Verbs are 'doing words' - words that indicate an action or state of being. These are words like swam, chatter and was.
- Words that describe verbs are called adverbs (you are adding detail to the verb). These are words like happily, quickly, crazily.
- Words that replace nouns in a sentence are called pronouns (because you use them instead of a noun). These are words like he, she, it.
- Prepositions tell you about the relationship of the object of a sentence with the rest of the sentence (the position of the object). These are words like beneath, on, during.
- Conjunctions are used to join words, phrases or clauses. These are words like and, but, or.
- Interjections are words that are added to a sentence to convey emotion; words that burst out or interject! These are words like oh, ouch and hey!
Sorry have to correct my own answer; there is a grammatical 'typo' in my answer below. In the section of the answer relating to Interjections the bracketed part of the answer should read (a word added to sentence to convey emotions 'or'...) not "is issue commands". Whilst editing my answer I omitted to clear all my deleted text, left 'is' in the sentence and failed to add 'or'. Time for a coffee and cigarette I think.
The parts of speech as Marika says are in 8 parts. They are the Noun, (names of things, which can be subdivided into different types of nouns, such as proper nouns etc), the verb, (which is 'doing' word such as cycle, swim, eat, be etc), Pronoun, ( a word which can replace a noun or noun phrase, such as 'he', 'she', 'it; there are subdivisions of Pronouns such as Personal, subjective etc), Adjective, (a word which describes, such as 'shallow'), Adverb, (a word that describes the way a verb is being done such as 'slowly, quickly etc), Preposition,( a word or phrase which helps link together other parts of speech in a sentence and often does so by giving a location or creating a relationship between parts of the sentence - for example the word 'in' is a preposition in the sentence 'My car is in the garage' because it links the car and the garage and tells us the location of the the subject of the sentence, the car), Conjunction, (a word which joins parts of a sentence, such as 'and' & 'because' and finally an Interjection, ( a word added to a sentence to convey emotions is issue commands, for example Ouch! Stop! etc). The parts of speech define the various 'pieces' of the English language used to construct sentences and within these 8 parts of speech are subdivisions of the part.
parts of speech describe how a word is used in a sentence. For example a verb is what we could describe as a 'doing word' as it describes an action, eg. I eat my dinner.
In English, there are 8 main parts of speech. They are: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections (emotional greetings or exclamations).
Nouns are objects or things (mother, table, ipad)
Verbs are doing words, action words (move, want, speak)
Adjectives describe a noun (smelly, kind, friendly)
and go from there!
- noun - A noun is a type of word that represents a person, thing, or place, like mother, apple, or valley.
- verb - A verb is a type of word that describes an action or a state of being, like wiggle, walk, run, jump, be, do, have, or think.
- pronoun - A pronoun is a substitute for a noun. Some pronouns are: I, me, she, hers, he, him, it, you, they, them, etc.
- adjective - An adjective is a word that describes something (a noun). Some adjectives are: big, cold, blue, and silly. One special type of adjective is an article, a word that introduces a noun and also limits or clarifies it; in English, the indefinite articles are a and an, the definite article is the.
- adverb - An adverb is a word that tells "how," "when," "where," or "how much". Some adverbs are: easily, warmly, quickly, mainly, freely, often, and unfortunately.
- preposition - A preposition shows how something is related to another word. It shows the spatial (space), temporal (time), or logical relationship of an object to the rest of the sentence. The words above, near, at, by, after, with and from are prepositions.
- conjunction - A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Some conjunctions are: and, as, because, but, or, since, so, until, and while.
- interjection - An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. An interjection often starts a sentence but it can be contained within a sentence or can stand alone. Some interjections are oh, wow, ugh, hurray, eh, and ah.
Here darling! :)Parts of Speech
Verb -- action or stateNoun -- thing or personpen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher.Adjective -- describes a nounAdverb -- describes a verb, adjective or adverb (quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really)Pronoun -- replaces a nounPreposition -- links a noun to another wordConjunction -- joins clauses or sentences or wordsInterjection -- short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence
GOOD DAY! :)
These are the 8 classifications, sometimes there are 9 or 10, depending on the level you are learning at. I would be happy to help with any other questions about English :)
If so, it's... VERB - action, NOUN - object, ADJECTIVE - describes the noun, ADVERB - describes a verb, adjective or adverb, PRONOUN - used for a person, in place of a noun, PREPOSITION - 'linking' word, e.g. to, at, CONJUNCTION - joins clauses, e.g. and, because, INTERJECTION - used in speech, an exclamation like 'Oh!'
Do you mean the classifications of words, and how these are used to construct a sentence?